Calcium Hypochlorite Dosing Calculation

Using MMS2 to purify drinking water: Adding the contents of one MMS2 capsule to 5 litres of water will kill most known pathogens. You have 10,000 gallons of water, but you require a 3 ppm chlorine level increase – How much calcium hypochlorite must you add?. The hypochlorite can be. Alternatively, use calcium hypochlorite for shock dosing or for regular sanitisation - calcium will be automatically added to the water in using this sanitiser. Revised 9/15 Basic Water Treatment Math Formulas for Surface and Well Exams These formulas are intended to serve as a general resource and are not intended to be an all‐inclusive list. The other benefit is the amount of available chlorine. Free Chlorine : Calcium Hypochlorite (67%) 2 oz. They function in very much the same way as chlorine, although they are a bit less effective. 5% Sodium hypochlorite (mL) 70% Calcium hypochlorite (g) 200 1600 280 Notes: 1. Chlorine Bleach / Sodium Hypochlorite Solution Chlorine bleach is formed by mixing water with the chlorine-based compound sodium hypochlorite. 0 ppm and maintain a residual of 1. 17 gallons If you use calcium hypochlorite (the white, powder version of chlorine, like HTH pool cleaner), the equation becomes: This is simply the previous equation multiplied by the conversion factor of 8. 8%) hypochlorite solution is below the hazardous material concentration threshold of 1%. Granular Salt. 5 lbs PURE chlorine. 208 Pharmaceutical Calculations for the Pharmacy Technician 4 5 6 X 1 2 3 – 0 † = + 789— % C. 10% SODIUM HYPOCHLORITE SOLUTION Material Safety Data Sheet MSDS No. You will use a sodium hypochlorite solution that is 12. Calcium Hypochlorite [hypochloride Salts] 45. 3/4 gallon. 1 Hydrometer, if the system is using liquid ammonium sulfate (LAS), liquid ammonium hydroxide (aqueous ammonia), or liquid bleach (sodium hypochlorite solution) 1 Scale or balance, if the system is using calcium hypochlorite to make its own chlorine solution 1. If the pH is too high, not enough HOCl is present and pool cleaning can take much longer than normal. Sodium hypochlorite is a dangerous and corrosive substance. It has a longer shelf life and releases a higher percentage of chlorine into solution (65-70%) than liquid bleach. 5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCI) solution, the following calculations are needed… Here’s the 3 important numbers you need before you start… 1. Calcium hypochlorite has an oral LD50 in the rat of 850 mg/kg of body weight (2). The main advantage is that microorganisms cannot build up any resistance to it. How much Free Chlorine is in your pool/spa? Calculate Again. Sterilisation of water supply is dependent on Hypochlorite being dosed and this water is then supplied to one of Johannesburg‘s largest informal settlements. 611 grams per mole and its density is about 3. 25 ounces: Calcium hypochlorite (65%) 2. 2 Add 5 liters of fresh Sodium Hypochlorite (6% weight/volume (w/v) concentration-approx. Tools & Resources. 2 CT Inactivation Values. Sodium hypochlorite has another name, you probably know it better as bleach. 6 lbs Please see. We recommend a Ca level between 380-420 mg/L with an alkalinity between 3-6 meq/L (8-17 dKH). Accu-Tab® Three-Inch Calcium Hypochlorite Chlorine Tablets for Controlled Chlorine Delivery. 5 cups: Sodium hypochlorite (12%) 1. On Site Sodium Hypochlorite Generation. calcium hypochlorite; sodium hypochlorite solution ; performing chlorine residual sampling and testing; performing process calculations including at least one of the following: Ct calculation dosage; feed rate ; preparing and applying hypochlorite dosing safely; selecting and using appropriate tools and equipment, including personal protective. It is a simple two-step process. For example: if the tank dimensions are 5me-tres wide, 3metres high and there is 2. It can be added to the receiving stream by use of pellets or by mixing a solution of water and calcium hypochlorite, decanting the solution into a tank and using a small chemical feed pump. 5 kg of disinfectant. Chlorine dose calculator using five percent liquid (household) bleach 3-15 Table 3-4. Calcium hypochlorite , generally referred to as “powder chlorine”. It is best to add 0. To Lower pH. Please note the above calculations are only estimates. Medical Dosage Calculations For Dummies Cheat Sheet dummies. hth Calcium Hypochlorite manufactured by Sigura TM, is one of the world’s leading brands of dry chlorine. Approximately thirty minutes later, patrons could be allowed to re-enter the pool as long as the pH and chlorine levels are acceptable. , Method 4500-Cl G- 2000. 5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCI) solution, the following calculations are needed… Here's the 3 important numbers you need before you start… 1. Pages 2-10 through 2-15 of US Army FM 21-10-1 covers water treatment methods. Thus, storage, shipping, and handling chlorine poses a risk and requires. 5% available chlorine solution, add 1. Provides the best results for your money. Pool Chem Dose Calculator is a pool calculator that will calculate the exact chemical dose needed for 38 chemicals in 11 categories for any size pool in US Imperial or Metric measures. Calcium hypochlorite normal packaging. 50 gal 1½ cups 3/4 cup 3/8 cup - - - - - -. How many pounds of calcium hypochlorite granules will you use? (Ans: 619. In this form it is available in concentrations of 12. Disadvantages C The chlorine residual is toxic to aquatic life and the system may require dechlorination, even when low concentrations of chlorine are used. 1 Ounces: Dichlor (56%) 2. In France, sodium hypochlorite is still known as 'eau de Javel'. Dosing Pumps and Tanks. * Calcium Hypochlorite can affect you when breathed in. Calcium-enriched foods such as breakfast cereals, fruit juices, soy and rice drinks, and tofu. Typical levels of free chlorine (or residual chlorine) in drinking water are 0. ) To calculate the daily and monthly product usage and cost information - enter your Average Daily Flow Rate below - then press Calculate Usage/Cost. Thanks to its anti-microbial properties it can be dosed in to sewage and/or clean water. Hypochlorite or 7 grams of Calcium Hypo-chlorite for each 1000 litres of water in the tank. The following set of calculators will help estimate various dosing rates for the most common pool water problems. Pool Calculator provides the tools and maintenance information you need to keep your swimming pool and hot tub chemicals balanced and your pool water crystal clear. 5 to a high pH of be-tween 8. Ryznar Index = 2pH s – pH a. The calcium hypochlorite Clorox shock formula is one of the best overall products on the list with its high performance of treating 12,000-gallons of water with 1-pound shock treatment. Toll Free: 1-800-833-7665. Keep calcium hypochlorite away from moisture. Chlorine dose calculator using five percent liquid (household) bleach 3-15 Table 3-4. Different grades of calcium hypochlorite are available depends upon its applications in different industries. It should be stored in a clean tank without fertilizer residues. To use it you enter the pool volume in gallons or liters, choose US Imperial or Metric, select which item you want to change from the drop down list and then. Updated: 7 November 2014. It is a white solid, although commercial. Then, floc out the solids with an anionic polymer. Once you add water to the Calcium hypochlorite the clock is ticking on its effective life-span, just like regular bleach. 4) How to calculate dosing, 5) How they are used safely, and 6) The advantages or disadvantages of using each. Gallons of solution x 0. In this article I will focus on sodium hypochlorite. Sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) may be considered a liquid form of chlorine, kept in solution by the incorporation of caustic (NaOH). Calcium;dihypochlorite. I grabbed those pics from the 'net, but yes, it was Calcium Hypochlorite in the capsules I had. Or for each gallon, add ~1 oz of Calcium Hypochlorate and mix thoroughly. CALCULATING "THE CHLORINE DOSAGE" USING: 65% TO 70% CALCIUM HYPOCHLORITE ( Ca (OCl)2 ) EXAMPLE: After completing a thorough cleaning, a new 3. 7 mg/L dosage) = 402. In other words, scale occurs as a result of a high-LSI violation , when calcium carbonate precipitated out of solution, and deposited on surfaces or equipment–most likely in the hottest places first. Bleach is sodium hypochlorite and I was reading I can make my own bleach using a formula of 2 tablespoons of calcium hypochlorite (shock 70%) and 3 cups of water to make the concentrate. Instructions for use: Dilute shock in bucket of water. Dechlorinator. result calculation. 5% solution and is readily available in 20L drums, 200L drums and tanker loads for larger installations. Sodium carbonate, Na 2 C O 3, (also known as washing soda, soda ash and soda crystals) is the inorganic compound with the formula Na 2 CO 3 and its various hydrates. The product residual can be monitored with a chlorine test kit. 3) Enter the final volume you need to prepare in ml or L. How much does 25 percent sodium hydroxide weigh per gallon? Just about 10. Sterilisation of water supply is dependent on Hypochlorite being dosed and this water is then supplied to one of Johannesburg‘s largest informal settlements. If you use Trichlor or a different type of chlorine, this calculator does not include dosing for it, so adjust as necessary on your own. 25,000 gallons. Safe, effective and easy to use solution. 73% Available calcium hypochlorite. Choose the correct amount based on the strength of the hypochlorite you are using and the amount of water to be treated. Within the accuracy of the bod test, there seems to be no bod reduction caused. The mixture of sodium hypochlorite and water (pH 7. *The table is designed to make a 0. This will be dosed at inlet line of potable water to potable tank. Using granular calcium hypochlorite to disinfect water is a two step process. If so, the data provided is not processed for the Brief Profile. Broadcast the product evenly over a wide area in the deepest part of the pool. calcium hypochlorite: ca(cio) 2 ammonium nitrate: nh 4 no 3 potassium nitrate (saltpeter): kno 3 hydrogen peroxide: h 2 o 2 barium peroxide: bao 2 potassium permanganate: kmno 4 nitric acid: hno 3. Calcium;dihypochlorite. The DPD Method References: USEPA Methods for Chemical Analysis of Water and Wastes, Method 330. On Site Sodium Hypochlorite Generation. The next thing to do is calculate how much calcium hypochlorite/sodium hypochlorite you need to add in order to increase the free chlorine reading by 1mg/l. 228 lb of calcium hypochlorite. The dosage calculator finds what dose of a medication is appropriate for your weight. The quick answer is this. Generic Lithium Hypochlorite. It is imperative that the service tech-. 1 Hydrometer, if the system is using liquid ammonium sulfate (LAS), liquid ammonium hydroxide (aqueous ammonia), or liquid bleach (sodium hypochlorite solution) 1 Scale or balance, if the system is using calcium hypochlorite to make its own chlorine solution 1. WTP CHLOR 15 chlorination solution is used to disinfect water systems such as evaporative cooling towers and hot and cold domestic water services. An antimicrobial composition prepared by mixing a polymer-ammonium salt formulation comprising one or more polymers and one or more ammonium salts with alkali and a chlorine source in a molar ratio of. Updated: 7 November 2014. If sodium hypochlorite is used, just pour the chlorine into the well. 0 ppm and maintain a residual of 1. Dosage calculations Example 3 An effluent is treated with 15 mg/L of chlorine. Pulsar Plus briquettes have a uniform dissolution rate and provide steady, uniform chlorination of pool water. Choose the correct amount based on the strength of the hypochlorite you are using and the amount of water to be treated. The invention combines an UV AOP ( 11 ) applied to a water containing a free chlorine species ( 8 >) with a chemical post treatm. Could you please tell me how to calculate the dosing rate?. 1 Explain the difference between disinfection and sterilization. bleaching powder, white or nearly white powder that is usually a mixture of calcium chloride hypochlorite, CaCl(OCl); calcium hypochlorite, Ca(OCl) 2; and calcium chloride, CaCl 2. 5ppm in a 1,000 litre spa. Disinfection can be accomplished through the controlled application of chlorine compounds to treated sewage to accomplish a sufficient dose, or contact exposure level, over a sufficient period of time, to achieve compliance with the indicator microorganism standard. Use this free tool to balance your pool water, and shock your pool. MMS2 capsules provide a surplus-reserve of hypochlorous acid enabling the IS to apply it wherever it is. Providing equipment, service, training and daily operations for the best aquatic facilities in the United States. and calcium hypochlorite (solid bleach) used at the plant. Sodium hypochlorite (usually 12. It has a strong chlorine odor, but. All are made from calcium hypochlorite, Ca(OCl) 2, and typically contain 68% available. 73% Available calcium hypochlorite. Ct calculation dosage. Calcium hypochlorite , generally referred to as “powder chlorine”. Tags: hypochlorite de calcium, calcium hypo chlorite, when to shock a pool, how to shock the pool, how to shock pool, why shock a pool Aquatic Environmental Systems, INC. In some cases, the -ate form has three oxygens, and in some cases four oxygens. Calcium hypochlorite is widely used for a water treatment and bleaching agent. The Oral Chronic Reference Dose has an uncertainty factor of 1000. 0 ounces: Calcium Hypochlorite (Bleach) 10. In chemistry, hypochlorite is an anion with the chemical formula ClO −. The Oral Chronic Reference Dose has an uncertainty factor of 1000. 12% sodium hypochlorite bleach solution based on CDC recommended 1:48 dilution of 6% sodium hypochlorite bleach (1,2)**Prior to March 26, 2020, the CDC recommended a 5 minute contact time for their bleach disinfecting solution recipe intended to disinfect areas contaminated with the novel coronavirus. If it is a watery fecal stool or vomit:. Calcium hypochlorite (cal hypo) or granular chlorine is a non-stabilized chlorine that comes with high pH levels, and if pH level is not monitored properly, you will definitely have high. Hypochlorite Hypochlorite is salt from hypochlorous acid. Pour, apply or spray onto the injured area. com Calcium hypochlorite is a chemical compound with the chemical formula of Ca(ClO) 2. When testing chlorinated water, dealers should pick a method that can differentiate free chlorine. I need to calculate amount of calcium hypochlorite needed for disinfecting1000 m3/hr feed (sea water) for a desalination plant - the dosing is at the inlet of MMF filters. Tables I-1 and I-2 provide volumes in drops (dp), milliliters (mL), teaspoons (tsp), tablespoons (tbls), cups (cp), liters (L), and gallons (gal) of liquid bleach, dry calcium hypochlorite (HTH), and a concentrated calcium hypochlorite solution that, when added to the indicated volume of water, will provide the approximate chlorine dose indicated. For example: if the tank dimensions are 5me-tres wide, 3metres high and there is 2. Use the following charts to determine the proper dosage for your Kem-Tek products. 5 gallons 12. Time Topic Objectives 1. Calcium Hypochlorite is commonly seen as granular Chlorine but also is in tablet form. Salt Efficiency: lb salt/lb Cl₂ 3. 25 mg/L chlorine b. The idea is to sterilize the water, ridding it of bacteria, chloramines, algae, and other contaminants. OSEC®L On-Site Hypochlorite Generation System. Order your aquaculture and hatchery supplies at Syndel and save. The shock helps in maintaining the chlorine level of the pool, sanitizing it and removal of all kind of algae including blue, green, mustard and black as well. Water Treatment Operations and Unit Processes. The charge is the same for the entire series. Lowest dosage rates for Calcium Hypochlorite Fast acting sanitiser Consistent high quality Can be used for daily chlorination Nil effect on isocyanurate (stabiliser) levels Application: Stabilised Pools: 35g per 10,000L daily dose Unstabilised pools: 70g per 10,000L daily dose - pre-dissolve in a bucket of water. 33 pounds per gallon of water. Its active ingredient, sodium hypochlorite, denatures protein in micro-organisms and is therefore effective in killing bacteria, fungus and viruses. 7 floz Lithium Hypochlorite 3. *The table is designed to make a 0. Assume that the hypochlorite is so diluted that it weighs 8. How many gallons of the 12. In this article I will focus on sodium hypochlorite. 5 ppm free available chlorine. Gallons of solution x 0. With pump running broadcast evenly at deep end. Usually hypochlorite is applied as sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and calcium hypochlorite (Ca(OCl)2). The residual chlorine should be tested before adding, then add 1 kg of disinfectant to 1000 m3, increase the dose of 1 MG / L, and calculate the dose. Sodium Hypochlorite Sodium hypochlorite is most often encountered as a pale greenish-yellow dilute solution commonly known as liquid bleach or simply bleach , a household chemical widely used (since the 18th century) as a disinfectant or a bleaching agent. If you have a dry powder form of bleach, it is probably calcium hypochlorite. Water that is being shock chlorinated should not be swum in or drunk until the sodium hypochlorite count in the water goes down to three parts per million (PPM) or until the calcium hypochlorite. Learn How to calculate chlorine dose in this video, using the our Five Step Process to solving math problems. Test the water and adjust the dose as necessary. Then spread evenly around the pool surrounds and mix well by agitation. ) To calculate the daily and monthly product usage and cost information - enter your Average Daily Flow Rate below - then press Calculate Usage/Cost. The add 8 drops of this concentrate to a gallon of water to create the standard 6% off the shelf bleach. chlorine than standard calcium hypochlorite and its fine particle size Instructions – Routine Disinfection DO NOT MIX WITH OTHER PRODUCTS. Pour, apply or spray onto the injured area. • Hypochlorite pump flowrate = (Dosage Required * Bore Pump Flowrate) / (Solution Strength) o For example, with a target of 1mg/L, test result of 0. Daily, our employees are at pools from Seattle to San Diego, from Houston to Tulsa. of 65% calcium hypochlorite for each 1,000 gallons of water; FACTORY PROCESSING WATER Acceptable chlorine levels for factory process water ranges from 3. It is imperative that the service tech-. least 30 minutes. The Harvia Vega Pro is a stylish and efficient floor-mounted electric heater that is suitable for family saunas as well as community saunas in clubs, wellness centres, hotels, holiday resorts and i…. you need plus the "demand" so that your dosage will be enough to meet the requirement). Instead of 21 grams you will need 35. 25% sodium hypochlorite. Common terms and phrases. 5 1,000 3 1 2,000 5 2 3,000 8 4. 00 Add Sodium Hypochlorite (pounds) 0. 500g Pack for use as pool shock treatment and super chlorination. So, pay attention to the type of chlorine you are using. • Calculate the flow rate of the disinfection injection pump being used. The calculations to create a stock solution from dry calcium hypochlorite on the table are taken from those military standards. As a mixture with lime and calcium chloride, Calcium Hypochlrite is marketed as chlorine powder or bleach powder for water treatment and as a bleaching agent. The DPD Method References: USEPA Methods for Chemical Analysis of Water and Wastes, Method 330. 5 ppm and TC of 2. In next post, we’ll see why the hypochlorite consumption is always higher than Chlorine. Lexington, KY 40511 PHONE: 859-255-7692 FAX: 859-368-7692. Hypochlorous acid (HOCl) is much more effective against bacteria - over 100 times more -than the hypochlorite ion. If you keep your calcium hardness in the midpoint between those two limits, about 275ppm, then you should be fine. Sodium hypochlorite, in its liquid chlorine state, is the simplest form of pool sanitizer in that it is already diluted appropriately and can be added straight to your pool water. Calcium hypochlorite is generally available as a white powder, pellets, or flat plates. 24: Hypochlorite tablet dosers: Fact Sheet 2. 2; Skin Corr. Engineering ToolBox - SketchUp Extension - Online 3D modeling! Add standard and customized parametric components - like flange beams, lumbers, piping, stairs and more - to your Sketchup model with the Engineering ToolBox - SketchUp Extension - enabled for use with the amazing, fun and free SketchUp Make and SketchUp Pro. Designed via feedback from actual field users, The Constant Chloro Plus MC4-50 dry calcium hypochlorite feeding system prepares and automatically delivers a consistently accurate dose of liquid available chlorine for disinfection applications. 5% solution and is readily available in 20L drums, 200L drums and tanker loads for larger installations. You calculate that you will need 550 gallons of the 200 mg per liter solution. It requires the addition of cyanuric acid to keep it stable in sunlight. Back in 2005, I personally took calcium hypochlorite for months before giving it to anyone else and since then, I have given it to hundreds of people. The benefit of purifying water with granular calcium hypochlorite is that the solution of “chlorine” made with 1 teaspoon to 2 gallons, can be used for small batches of purified water, and that’s all that is needed at the time. The active ingredient in commercial bleach is sodium hypochlorite. Chemical storage tanks are usually manufactured from polyethylene. 2 per liter Dechlorination: 38% liquid sodium bisulfite at $0. The standard calculation for a 5 percent stock solution is to dissolve 1 and 1/2 teaspoons of 68-70 percent dry calcium hypochlorite in 1 cup of water. 7 mg/1 as chlorine. 50 ppm* for 8 hours. WTP CHLOR 15 chlorination solution is used to disinfect water systems such as evaporative cooling towers and hot and cold domestic water services. Dosing hypochlorite solutions require handling concentrated and dangerous chemicals, usually in bulk quantities. The other benefit is the amount of available chlorine. The calcium hypochlorite Clorox shock formula is one of the best overall products on the list with its high performance of treating 12,000-gallons of water with 1-pound shock treatment. [email protected] 3/4 gallon. Brine system feed has high calcium levels and essentially a somewhat neutral pH since drinking water is the source water. 5 cups) (1 ppm) (10,000 gallons) (1. 92 lbs of available chlorine). 4 and Alkalinity of 80-90 ppm. Calcium hypochlorite is a white solid that is added in granular or tablet form to pool water to kill germs that can make swimmers sick. Water that is being shock chlorinated should not be swum in or drunk until the sodium hypochlorite count in the water goes down to three parts per million (PPM) or until the calcium hypochlorite. When exposed calcium chloride will absorb moisture and form a solution. Accu-Tab® Three-Inch Calcium Hypochlorite Chlorine Tablets for Controlled Chlorine Delivery. When either are added to water both hypochlorous acid and hypochlorite ion are produced. Once you add water to the Calcium hypochlorite the clock is ticking on its effective life-span, just like regular bleach. You want to make 40,000L solution. 5%) to the concentration of sodium hypochlorite solution (i. Define Breakpoint Chlorination. You are buying One 20Kg Tub. Swimming Pool Chemical Dosing Calculator Use this to calculate the amount of chemicals required to dose your pool in order to correct your levels of Chlorine, pH, Total Alkalinity and Calcium Hardness. 50 gal 1½ cups 3/4 cup 3/8 cup - - - - - -. Uses of calcium hypochlorite. Chat Online; Rationale and Considerations for Chlorine Use in …. The key active ingredient in HTH Chlorinating Granules, calcium hypochlorite is the Grim Reaper of bacteria, algae, fungi, slime, and other swimming pool creeps. would raise 13,500 gallons three ppm. Sterilisation of water supply is dependent on Hypochlorite being dosed and this water is then supplied to one of Johannesburg‘s largest informal settlements. TABLE 2 Chlorine Required to produce 25 mg/L Concentration in 100 feet of Pipe by Diameter Pipe Diameter (inches) 100% Chlorine (lb) 1% Chlorine Solution (gallons) 4 0. Sodium hypochlorite has another name, you probably know it better as bleach. Calcium Hypochlorite Ca(ClO) 2 - Granular 70% - 1 lb. Super Shock-Active Ingredient is Sodium Hypochlorite- AC or Available Chlorine is around 68- 73%-Other Ingredients are 27%-Each 1 lb bag is a dosage for 10,000 gallons Use a Pool Chemical Calculator for the best results and for saving money like this one. Hypochlorite can remove stains from clothes at room temperature. Bleach is sodium hypochlorite and I was reading I can make my own bleach using a formula of 2 tablespoons of calcium hypochlorite (shock 70%) and 3 cups of water to make the concentrate. For example: To achieve 5 mg/L chlorine in a 1000 litre tank add approximately 8 grams of 65% calcium hypochlorite. DA: 58 PA: 76 MOZ Rank: 67. Chlorination. Our fish treatments are formulated for the aquaculture and fish farming industry, and adhere to all federal regulations. Chlorine dosage will vary based on chlorine demand, wastewater characteristics, and discharge requirements. To insure that the required concentration is. 12% sodium hypochlorite bleach solution based on CDC recommended 1:48 dilution of 6% sodium hypochlorite bleach (1,2)**Prior to March 26, 2020, the CDC recommended a 5 minute contact time for their bleach disinfecting solution recipe intended to disinfect areas contaminated with the novel coronavirus. A Great Alternative To Calcium Hypochlorite For Places With Hard Water & High Calcium Hardness. The following set of calculators will help estimate various dosing rates for the most common pool water problems. Accu-Tab® three-inch calcium hypochlorite Cal hypo tablets are able to erode reliably, consistently and predictably because they undergo a multi-step manufacturing and quality control process so they will not soften and clog the system—a common problem with knock-off three-inch tablets and briquettes. At one water treatment plant in the Otway region of Victoria, polyaluminium chloride replaced alum and in so doing SO 4 levels in the treated water were. hth® Disinfecting Tablets are a 170g disk-shaped calcium hypochlorite tablet that can be used manually or with a SANIKIT chlorination system. Calcium hypochlorite does not quickly or easily dissolve into water. MMS2 capsules provide a surplus-reserve of hypochlorous acid enabling the IS to apply it wherever it is. The best calcium hypochlorite shock; When you shock a swimming pool, you’re giving the water a powerful, concentrated dose of chlorine. Sodium hypochlorite (usually 12. This is done with a ‘specific’ automatic feed system designed for either a solid. Now, using the dosage of 10mg/l and our tank’s capacity of 250litres we shall need [(10x250)/ 0. 5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCI) solution, the following calculations are needed… Here's the 3 important numbers you need before you start… 1. 14-15% sodium hypochlorite solution – for disinfections and biological control of evaporative cooling systems and domestic hot water services. 1) Enter the concentration in % (per cent) for the starting solution. Dura replaces calcium hypo diaphragm pump 3 x Dura 25 with PP flanges replaced problem vapour locking diaphragm dosing pumps Calcium Hypo diaphragm pumps. 2 lbs calcium hypochlorite) We first calculate the number of pounds of PURE chlorine we need, using the "pounds formula:" (3. Revised 9/15 Basic Water Treatment Math Formulas for Surface and Well Exams These formulas are intended to serve as a general resource and are not intended to be an all‐inclusive list. Calcium hypochlorite will be added at levels (as Ca(OCl)2 or measured as free chlorine) not to exceed (1) 400 ppm in water used in processing fruits, vegetables, and nuts; (2) 50 ppm in water used in the chiller, eviscerating line, and on-line reprocessing line for poultry; (3) 250 ppm in scalder water for poultry; (4) 5 ppm in process water for meat; and (5) 10 ppm in water used in the. To Lower pH. Kemcore supplies customers who want to buy calcium hypochlorite in metric tonne lots for industry use. A pool water test has determined that a total chlorine dosage of 2 ppm (mg/L) is required to treat the pool water. Calcium hypochlorite (cal hypo) or granular chlorine is a non-stabilized chlorine that comes with high pH levels, and if pH level is not monitored properly, you will definitely have high. The dosage calculator finds what dose of a medication is appropriate for your weight. It has a strong chlorine odor, but. Usual Adult Dose for Pseudohypoparathyroidism: 1 to 2 tablets orally once a day. 60 G/cm 3 (anhydrous) 2. Calcium hypochlorite Ca(OCl)2 Solid tablet Corrosive, toxic, formation of carcinogenic by-products, requires tablet feed system, effectiveness may depend on water quality, non-uniform tablet erosion may affect dose Ozone O3 Gas Corrosive, toxic, requires a feed gas preparation unit and a pump for injection of ozone,. You want 300ppm. It's treated with calcium chloride and lime, for neutralization and fluoride removal. If you don't have a measuring spoon, 1/2 tsp = about 50 drops. Sometimes called chloride of lime, it can be prepared by reacting calcium hydroxide or slaked lime, Ca(OH) 2, with chlorine gas, Cl 2. Wet calcium chloride and concentrated solutions could corrode steel tanks. Dichlor contains both. Chlorine Bleach / Sodium Hypochlorite Solution Chlorine bleach is formed by mixing water with the chlorine-based compound sodium hypochlorite. one use-dilution as a disinfectant and a different use-dilution as a sanitizer. 6 Ounces: Sodium Sulfate: 2. you need plus the "demand" so that your dosage will be enough to meet the requirement). The product label states that 20 ounces of calcium hypochlorite will raise the chlorine level by 10 ppm in 10,000 gallons of water. It's treated with calcium chloride and lime, for neutralization and fluoride removal. Manganese smelting blast furnace gas washing wastewater treatment using poly aluminum chloride PAC dosing less, low cost, is one-tenth of aluminum sulfate. This is done with a ‘specific’ automatic feed system designed for either a solid. Tank Volume (gallons) 5. Approximately 3 kg of calcium hypochlorite powder is sufficient to dose 1000 m 3 of water at a concentration of 1. If sodium hypochlorite is used, just pour the chlorine into the well. The obvious precursor for the synthesis of GHB is gamma-Butyrolactone. Depth to Create 50, 100, 150 and 200 mg/L of Free Chlorine where Calcium Hypochlorite Powder has Available Chlorine of 65% by Weight (Imperial Measurements) 44 Table 8-7: Amount of Bleach or Calcium Hypochlorite Powder Required to Dose 25 L of Water (Metric. Because ORP continuously changes, the calculated ppm figure is not a hard and fast number. While working with sodium hypochlorite, safety measures have to. If so, express as 0. 5% available chlorine. Doses as high as 4 g IV infused over 4 hours have been used. This may be achieved by the addition of calcium hypochlorite or by running the sodium hypochlorite dosing pumps while the recirculation system is running. Published 1 July 2014. Bleach is sodium hypochlorite and I was reading I can make my own bleach using a formula of 2 tablespoons of calcium hypochlorite (shock 70%) and 3 cups of water to make the concentrate. NaOH at a 50% concentration will begin to freeze at temperatures below 60 0 F. Choose the correct amount based on the strength of the hypochlorite you are using and the amount of water to be treated. The calculation corresponding to converting the available chlorine percent (i. If so, express as 0. hypochlorite, an eff ective oxidizing agent and broad spectrum disinfectant. How much does 25 percent sodium hydroxide weigh per gallon? Just about 10. • Calculate the flow rate from isolated water main where the discharge fire hydrant will be. 39 mg/L chlorine c. On the Calibration Calculation Worksheet, record tank sizes (Line 7). Below the standard chemicals are Orenda products and how to dose them. Chlorine options and dose calculation. The Oral Chronic Reference Dose study target organ is liver. Calculation of EDTA titration results is always easy, as EDTA reacts with all metal ions in 1:1 ratio: Ca 2+ + EDTA 4-→ CaEDTA 2-That means number of moles of calcium is exactly that of number of moles of EDTA used. The best calcium hypochlorite shock; When you shock a swimming pool, you’re giving the water a powerful, concentrated dose of chlorine. 8 dKH) of alkalinity). Chlorine that is added to water is consumed first to become combined chlorine before it can. 00 Add Sodium Hypochlorite (pounds) 0. Sodium Hypochlorite is also used for sanitising processing equipment in the dairy, food, beverage industries and sanitising in water treatment. 5 oz 6 oz 866-HTH POOL Call 7 days a week with. The concentration of chlorine is much higher with Calcium Hypochlorite. x 3) the ingredients to prepare enough food for your guests. Thus, storage, shipping, and handling chlorine poses a risk and requires. Could you please tell me how to calculate the dosing rate?. 5 cups) (1 ppm) (10,000 gallons) (1. While working with sodium hypochlorite, safety measures have to. 0 ppm and maintain a residual of 1. 525% NaChl 5,000 ppm AvChl. 5ppm in a 1,000 litre spa. Usual Adult Dose for Hypocalcemia: 1 to 2 tablets orally once a day. Calcium hypochlorite can also be used in the haloform reaction to manufacture chloroform. Test the water and adjust the dose as necessary. Cal-hypo (calcium hypochlorite) This type of chlorine is popular for pool use because it's relatively cheap. com Example Calculations of NaOCl Solution Strength (% w/v) Note: The equations for sodium hypochlorite solution strength preparation are based on mixing 12. Providing equipment, service, training and daily operations for the best aquatic facilities in the United States. 21: Continuous chlorination of dug wells: Fact Sheet 2. Please select the type of pool shock and your preferred sanitizer, and enter your pool's current free chlorine (FC) and cyanuric acid (CYA) / stabilizer levels below. Calcium Hypochlorite: 2. Pages 2-10 through 2-15 of US Army FM 21-10-1 covers water treatment methods. To calculate grams of 65% calcium hypochlorite (granular or powdered chlorine) required to disinfect the water in a tank. Sodium hypochlorite is as effective as chlorine gas for disinfection. 2 lbs calcium hypochlorite) We first calculate the number of pounds of PURE chlorine we need, using the "pounds formula:" (3. Read on to learn what the drug dosage calculation formula is and how to use it. 88 gallons of sodium hypochlorite to get 0. You must especially keep Pool Shock away from moisture. You only need a really small amount of it to disinfect a large amount of water. This concentration of iodide allows the calculation of the iodide dose per drop, if one knows the number of drops per milliliter. Very useful app to determine volume or weight of chlorine both liquid (Sodium hypochlorite) or granular (Calcium hypochlorite) in disinfection processes. Chlorine should be added to the affected area (either 1 ounce calcium hypochlorite or 5 ounces of sodium hypochlorite which has been mixed in a small bucket of water). It is the most abundant mineral in the body, and it is vital for bone health. 8 ppm x 10, or 8 ppm of chlorine to superchlorinate. Calcium is a nutrient that all living organisms need, including humans. 2 Add 5 liters of fresh Sodium Hypochlorite (6% weight/volume (w/v) concentration-approx. Copper(II) Sulfate is a solid, inorganic chemical compound. Usually an amount in the range of 5 to 10 milliliters added to 20 liters of water is sufficient to inactivate the disease-causing [+] Read More. I grabbed those pics from the 'net, but yes, it was Calcium Hypochlorite in the capsules I had. Approximately 3 kg of calcium hypochlorite powder is sufficient to dose 1000 m 3 of water at a concentration of 1. Use the following charts to determine the proper dosage for your Kem-Tek products. 6 ft3) H2 gas Immediately diluted upon production with air blower 100:1 to reduce H2 to 25% of LFL. 1 Hydrometer, if the system is using liquid ammonium sulfate (LAS), liquid ammonium hydroxide (aqueous ammonia), or liquid bleach (sodium hypochlorite solution) 1 Scale or balance, if the system is using calcium hypochlorite to make its own chlorine solution 1. 1 = LSI where 12. 1 Take a free chlorine reading using your test kit or test strips. High pH and Alkalinity create ideal scaling conditions. Our fish treatments are formulated for the aquaculture and fish farming industry, and adhere to all federal regulations. If your calcium hardness level tends to remain constant, you can test less often, but it really depends on the relative hardness of your local water source. Example Based on the contact time of the system, calculate the HOCl concentration necessary for an effective dose. Usual Adult Dose for Osteoporosis: 1 to 2 tablets orally once a day. Mix the solution with a clean stick or other clean device and flush the four taps. Although this calculation takes a while, it gives you a much more accurate chemical dosing measurement. 25 ppm* for 24 hours. Using cal-hypo may result in high calcium levels. would raise 13,500 gallons three ppm. Calcium Hypochlorite Chlorine Shock The most common cause of high pH in a swimming pool or spa is the type of sanitizer or chlorine shock we use in the pool. Wet calcium chloride and concentrated solutions could corrode steel tanks. Using granular calcium hypochlorite to disinfect water is a two step process. This might need to be doubled or even trebled depending on how much algae is present. It is conventionally rounded to 50 mg per drop. Calculation of calcium hypochlorite dose is based on the optimum dose at Breakpoint Chlorination (BPC) in order to maintain the residual chlorine from the addition of increasing doses. Microbes are killed through the inactivation of proteins. Thanks to its anti-microbial properties it can be dosed in to sewage and/or clean water. Please note the above calculations are only estimates. 76 gallons of 12. It is imperative that the service tech-. 0 mg/L, how many gallons of calcium hypochlorite solution are required? (A) 200 gal (B) 125 gal (C) 1,040 gal (D) 1,563 gal 31. The granules are readily soluble and a concentrated hypochlorite solution is prepared and used in the same way. Chemical dosing is an important factor in keeping your pool water in balance and in excellent condition. 4) How to calculate dosing, 5) How they are used safely, and 6) The advantages or disadvantages of using each. 14 x radius2 x height of water in the tank x 1000. Dosage, Calcium Hypochlorite An operator may be given dry chemicals (usually chlorine) that is not 100% strength Consider this in the dosage problem Remember to convert the % to a decimal (divide by 100) Percentages How would an operator enter the percentage 70% into the calculator? A. Most of the time calculations are made at the 12. The actual water pH, which we’ll indicate as pH a, and the pH s are used to calculate the index numbers according to the following relationships. This calculator can be used to adjust the chlorine concentration of water to disinfect it for drinking and also for other applications. Calcium hypochlorite can burn (at 350°F) if combined with. • General disinfecting and deodorizing. When dosing chlorine one has to take into acount that chlorine reacts with compounds in the water. It is important for blood clotting. Chemical storage tanks are usually manufactured from polyethylene. The results page will appear with two chlorine options for Calcium Hypochlorite and Liquid Bleach. Calcium hypochlorite should be added slowly to the water if required by hand. The solution is added to raw sewage when it enters a waste water plant. Test strips and test kits with DPD or FAS-DPD reagents will do this. Fast dissolving leaving no residue. 25 % Hypochlorite 12. Sodium hypochlorite is unstable. Dilute 1 part bleach to 9 parts water for a: 10%, 10:1, 1:10, 9:1, 1:9, or 5 g/l solution 0. If your calcium hardness level tends to remain constant, you can test less often, but it really depends on the relative hardness of your local water source. Copper Sulfate Formula. Calcium hardness – calcium factor (CF). Water Purification with MMS2. The chemical amount and adjust-ment needed for your pool or spa can be found on the product label or in the test kit guidebooks. you need plus the "demand" so that your dosage will be enough to meet the requirement). 992 so you can pretty much just treat the "weight" of calcium hypochlorite as equivalent to the ppm "weight" of FC. 5mg/L, bore water flowrate of 30L/s, and sodium hypochlorite solution strength of 12. To insure that the required concentration is. In other words, scale occurs as a result of a high-LSI violation , when calcium carbonate precipitated out of solution, and deposited on surfaces or equipment–most likely in the hottest places first. The main advantage is that microorganisms cannot build up any resistance to it. Superfast contains 10% more available chlorine than standard calcium hypochlorite and its fine particle size enables you to dose it directly into the pool rather than pre-dissolve. Sodium hypochlorite has another name, you probably know it better as bleach. Along with pH and total alkalinity, the third important measurement of water balance in a swimming pool is the amount of dissolved calcium. Total alkalinity (TA) Total alkalinity is a measure of the amount of alkaline substances in the water. Calcium hypochlorite will lose 3 to 5 percent of available chlorine per year. From my understanding and research, 1lb of calcium hypo = 1 gallon bleach of 10-15% sodium hypo. Swimming Pool Chemical Dosing Calculator Use this to calculate the amount of chemicals required to dose your pool in order to correct your levels of Chlorine, pH, Total Alkalinity and Calcium Hardness. Study medication dosages with each meal were 30 mL Phoslyra (667 mg calcium acetate per 5 mL), six PhosLo Gelcaps (667 mg calcium acetate/Gelcap), and five-5 calcium citrate caplets (950 mg calcium citrate/caplet), resulting in a daily dose of 90 mL Phoslyra and 18 PhosLo Gelcaps. 25 mg/L chlorine b. Langelier Index = pH a – pH s. Sterilisation of water supply is dependent on Hypochlorite being dosed and this water is then supplied to one of Johannesburg‘s largest informal settlements. This measurement is usually called the "hardness" of the water — high calcium levels indicate hard water; low levels are "soft" water. The mixture of sodium hypochlorite and water (pH 7. Usually an amount in the range of 5 to 10 milliliters added to 20 liters of water is sufficient to inactivate the disease-causing [+] Read More. 5% Hypochlorite Ounces Gallons Ounces Gallons 500 2 0. This is done with a ‘specific’ automatic feed system designed for either a solid. We know what works and what doesn't. The shock helps in maintaining the chlorine level of the pool, sanitizing it and removal of all kind of algae including blue, green, mustard and black as well. After calculating the pool volume gallons, use the other calculators to help balance the chemicals. 1 is an adjustment constant. To raise the alkalinity - 2kg of sodium bicarbonate per 15,000 gallons per day until the correct reading is obtained. Sodium hypochlorite produces residual disinfectant. Calcium hypochlorite normal packaging. 5ppm in a 1,000 litre spa. Since testing is only the bridge to treatment, dosage charts and a water balance calculator are also good to have. 0 mg Cl 2 L −1. Containers previously used to store calcium chloride may be hazardous when empty since they contain product residues and leftovers. High levels of sulphate in the water. Use this calculator to prepare dilutions for chlorine, iodine, hydrogen peroxide or quat sanitizer solutions. As an example, if using 65% chlorine strength calcium hypochlorite granules begin by dividing the pool volume figure (from step 1. In that time period, the system used 41. mg/kg bw (total dose) mg/cm² per day (combining mg/cm² per day, mg/cm² per day (nominal), mg/cm² per day (analytical)) Note: Registrants can also select ‘other’ as the test species, dose descriptor type and/or the unit of measure. Commercial solid calcium hypochlorite typically has 65% by weight available chlorine. The Sodium hypochlorite is a liquid breach and the powerful oxidizing agent that is widely used as the disinfectant or bleaching agent too. Or for each gallon, add ~1 oz of Calcium Hypochlorate and mix thoroughly. We say that 100 liters of 2% solution contain 2,000 grams chlorine 1% had 10,000mg (10g) per liter, so. 25 % Solution. , magnesium hypochlorite and metal oxides), and the temperature and humidity of the storage area. Chlorine between 2-4 ppm Free Chlorine is recommended for residential pools and 3-5 parts per million for commercial. Calcium Equivalents. 4 oz (2 ½ tsp) 2,500 1. For help with a specific question, you can call our free helpline at 1-800-SOS-POOL (767-7665). Chlorinated VOC Groundwater & Soil Remediation - Case Study Summary Burns & McDonnell was retained to perform soil and groundwater remediation of chlorinated volatile organic compounds (VOCs) such as perchloroethylene and trichloroethylene (PCE and TCE) at a warehouse facility in Dallas. Note: Percent sodium hypochlorite (%NaOCl) is based on weight per volume (w/v) in the equations below. Then spread evenly around the pool surrounds and mix well by agitation. 00 g of chlorine gas, as well as ignore issues about the purity of the available solutions. Specific gravity is incorporated as part of the solution strength (% w/v). with calcium hypochlorite. 50,000 gallons. Carbon Dioxide SDS. 5% available chlorine solution, add 1. H 2 SO 4 + 2NaOH → Na 2 (SO) 4 + 2H 2 0. The shock helps in maintaining the chlorine level of the pool, sanitizing it and removal of all kind of algae including blue, green, mustard and black as well. How many pounds of calcium hypochlorite granules will you use? (Ans: 619. • Inject the sodium hypochlorite solution and water into the isolated water main. 100 ppm* for 2 hours. Titrate dose based on serum calcium concentrations. Sodium hypochlorite solutions are packaged with vented closures. 5 kg of disinfectant. Sodium hypochlorite is a chemical compound with chemical formula NaOCl. Calcium phosphate, tribasic dosing information. Easily transport the Blackwater-S from frac site to frac site for produced water treatment. You dose with about 1/2 ounce per gallon of calcium chloride, then add hydrated lime [linked by editor to product info at Amazon] to a pH of about 9. com Example Calculations of NaOCl Solution Strength (% w/v) Note: The equations for sodium hypochlorite solution strength preparation are based on mixing 12. Calcium hydroxide (traditionally called slaked lime) is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula Ca 2. Typical levels of free chlorine (or residual chlorine) in drinking water. 538 pounds of granular calcium hypochlorite to each gallon of water in the stock solution tank. one use-dilution as a disinfectant and a different use-dilution as a sanitizer. 018 multiplied by 80 =1. Anion Gap Body Fluid Volumes Calcium (hypocalcemia) treatment Calculator Calcium and Vitamin D Calculator Corrected Calcium calculator Free Water Deficit Fractional Excretion of Potassium Fractional Excretion of Sodium Hypertonic and Normal Saline Calc (original) Hypertonic Saline 3% and 0. Calcium and magnesium are the elemental materials that cause the deposits. Dicloroisocyanuric acid. It should be labelled for percentage calcium hypochlorite. 5 to a high pH of be-tween 8. bleaching powder, white or nearly white powder that is usually a mixture of calcium chloride hypochlorite, CaCl(OCl); calcium hypochlorite, Ca(OCl) 2; and calcium chloride, CaCl 2. *Bleach may contain 6 or 8. This is often known as “pool shock”. Unsatisfied chlorine demand in the water at start up, after holidays or due to excess contamination or neglect. The stability of solid calcium hypochlorite depends on the content of moisture, lime and impurities (e. Avoid calcium hypochlorite shock, which adds calcium to the pool. 5mg/L, bore water flowrate of 30L/s, and sodium hypochlorite solution strength of 12. 5% solution and is readily available in 20L drums, 200L drums and tanker loads for larger installations. Calcium Hypochlorite Solutions (15% Or Less) 46. 47 grams per liter, whereas the same amount of household bleach (6 percent sodium hypochlorite) dissolved in the same amount of water would provide a FAC level of 0. Calcium hypochlorite or other chlorine compounds should not be applied to catfish ponds. Chlorine that is added to water is consumed first to become combined chlorine before it can. 5ml of water in the tank, the calculations would be as follows: Volume of water in the tank is: 3. The calcium hypochlorite has 65% available chlorine. Equations 1B & 2B: Volume (ounces) of 12. Titrate dose based on serum calcium concentrations. This calculator can be used to adjust the chlorine concentration of water to disinfect it for drinking and also for other applications. Calcium;dihypochlorite. 8 MG water storage tank is to be disinfected by feeding and completely dissolving 65% available chlorine calcium hypochlorite granules into the water as it fills the storage tank. The calcium hypochlorite Clorox shock formula is one of the best overall products on the list with its high performance of treating 12,000-gallons of water with 1-pound shock treatment. Pour, apply or spray onto the injured area. The charge is the same for the entire series. This is 300mg in 1. Daily, our employees are at pools from Seattle to San Diego, from Houston to Tulsa. Failure to dilute and spread evenly can result in the precipitation of hardness scale. Identifying calcium hydroxide might be a chemistry class assignment that requires two tests. Use table 1 to calculate the target measured concen-tration of HOCl and match it with the contact time of the system to establish the effective dose. Calculate the dose rate from the figures in the preceding section. If it is a watery fecal stool or vomit:. Calcium hypochlorite is one of four disinfection chemicals which is DIN 19643-1 certified and has a relatively lower level of danger compared to chlorine gas. High-quality granular Calcium Hypochlorite containing 70% available Chlorine. • Calculate the flow rate of the disinfection injection pump being used. Calcium and magnesium are the elemental materials that cause the deposits. To equal the chlorine available from one 150 lb chlorine cylinder, you would need to use: 180 gal of sodium hypochlorite or. Rules to Simplify the Calculation These two rules, wherever they may be applied, greatly simplify the calculation: 1. 5% chlorine) is easier to use and relatively safe compared with calcium hypochlorite, which is explosive when placed in contact with ammonium fertilisers. The hypochlorite can be. 25 cups ÷ 16 = 1 gallon. 0 cups: Lithium hypochlorite (35%) 10. 5% available chlorine. 4 Ounces: Increase Total Alkalinity (TA) 10 PPM: Sodium. View Test Prep - L1675_C19 from CE 411 at Kuwait University. hypochlorite, an eff ective oxidizing agent and broad spectrum disinfectant. Pool Water Chemistry 101 – Balancing Your Pool Water With Our Calculator I’m going to discuss each input field on our calculator, while providing acceptable and ideal ranges of each chemical as I go. Chlo-rine gas and water solutions are fed into the main being disinfected to a concentration of at least 50 mg. Sodium hypochlorite (usually 12. 76 gallons of 12. (Because calcium has a valence of +2, the milliequivalents equals two times the number of. Leave the water for at least 30 minutes before using to ensure sufficient time for the product to get to work. anfo ammonium nitrate (an) + diesel fuel (fo) anai ammonium nitrate (an) + aluminum powder (al) ans ammonium nitrate (an) + sugar. 5 to 2 mg/kg/hour elemental calcium) IV may be administered if symptoms recur after initial IV calcium replacement. A pool water test has determined that a total chlorine dosage of 2 ppm (mg/L) is required to treat the pool water. Calculation of calcium hypochlorite dose is based on the optimum dose at Breakpoint Chlorination (BPC) in order to maintain the residual chlorine from the addition of increasing doses. OSEC®L On-Site Hypochlorite Generation System. Instead of 21 grams you will need 35. The benefit of purifying water with granular calcium hypochlorite is that the solution of “chlorine” made with 1 teaspoon to 2 gallons, can be used for small batches of purified water, and that’s all that is needed at the time. 5% available chlorine. Sodium Hypochlorite Sodium hypochlorite is most often encountered as a pale greenish-yellow dilute solution commonly known as liquid bleach or simply bleach , a household chemical widely used (since the 18th century) as a disinfectant or a bleaching agent. DO NOT DRINK THIS!. Wait 10 minutes, flush the taps again, and check the chlorine residual. 906 * 2 / 142. Cleaning Purpose. They function in very much the same way as chlorine, although they are a bit less effective. Slug Method With the slug method, water entering the new main receives a single dose of chlorine fed at a constant rate until the water will have a concentration not less than 100 mg/L free. Sodium Hypochlorite Properties and Dosing. While working with sodium hypochlorite, safety measures have to. Definition: 1ppm = 1mg in 1. 208 Pharmaceutical Calculations for the Pharmacy Technician 4 5 6 X 1 2 3 – 0 † = + 789— % C. Disadvantages C The chlorine residual is toxic to aquatic life and the system may require dechlorination, even when low concentrations of chlorine are used. Enter your pools details to calculate the volume of the pool and the amount of product you would need, using either a hth granualr/briquette product OR hth Shock, to acheive a specific rise in chlorine levels. Sodium hypochlorite; Trichloro-s-triazinetrione; Sodium dichloro-s-triazinetrione; 1. 0 mg Cl 2 L −1. • To make a stock of chlorine solution (do not drink this!) dissolve 1 heaping teaspoon (about one-quarter of an ounce) of high-test (78%) granular calcium hypochlorite for each two gallons (eight liters) of water. 73% Available calcium hypochlorite.